More than two-thirds of the Japanese who were interned in the spring of were citizens of the United States. In Canada , similar evacuation orders were established.
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It was the greatest mass movement in the history of Canada. Though families were generally kept together in the United States, Canada sent male evacuees to work in road camps or on sugar beet projects. Women and children Nikkei were forced to move to six inner British Columbia towns.
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The U. According to a report published by the War Relocation Authority the administering agency , Japanese Americans were housed in "tarpaper-covered barracks of simple frame construction without plumbing or cooking facilities of any kind.
Food was rationed out at an expense of 48 cents per internee, and served by fellow internees in a mess hall of people. Leadership positions within the camps were only offered to the Nisei , or American-born, Japanese. The older generation, or the Issei , were forced to watch as the government promoted their children and ignored them.
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Eventually the government allowed internees to leave the concentration camps if they enlisted in the U. This offer was not well received. Only 1, internees chose to do so. Two important legal cases were brought against the United States concerning the internment.
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The landmark cases were Hirabayashi v. United States , and Korematsu v. United States The defendants argued their fifth amendment rights were violated by the U.
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In both cases, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the U. Roosevelt rescinded the order. The last internment camp was closed by the end of Forced into confinement by the United States, 5, Nisei ultimately renounced their American citizenship.
In , nearly two dozen years after the camps were closed, the government began reparations to Japanese Americans for property they had lost. In , the U. Toggle navigation. Their only crime was that they had Japanese ancestry and they were suspected of being loyal to their homeland of Japan. The fear was that if the Japanese invaded the west coast of America, where there was a large Japanese population, that they would be loyal to Japan instead of the United States. Popular opinion and bad advice led President Roosevelt to sign an executive order Executive Order in that forced all Japanese-Americans to concentration camps in America's interior.
The majority of those sent to the internment camps had been born in the United States. Because the camps were not yet completed when Roosevelt signed the executive order, the Japanese prisoners were held in temporary shelters such as stables in racetracks. The orders to evacuate were posted in Japanese-American communities. Many of those affected by the orders sold their land, homes, and businesses for a fraction of what they were worth because they did not know if they would be able to return or if they would still be there when they returned.
There were 10 Japanese internment camps in the United States located in remote areas in seven western U.
The internment camps had tarpaper barracks for housing, mess halls and schools. The camps were located in areas that made farming difficult and the prisoners ate a lot of army grub-style food.