Washington State Department of Corrections

All of these issues make women particularly vulnerable to being incarcerated not because they commit crimes, but because they run afoul of one of the burdensome obligations of their probation or parole supervision. This report offers the critical estimate that a quarter of all incarcerated women are unconvicted. Beyond these big picture questions, there are a plethora of detailed data points that are not reported for women by any government agencies, such as the simple number of women incarcerated in U. Territories or involuntarily committed to state psychiatric hospitals because of justice system involvement.

While more data is needed, the data in this report lends focus and perspective to the policy reforms needed to end mass incarceration without leaving women behind. This briefing uses the most recent data available on the number of people in various types of facilities and the most significant charge or conviction.

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To smooth out these differing levels of vintage and precision among the sources, we choose to round all figures in the graphic. This process may, however, result in various parts not adding up precisely to the total. Several data definitions and clarifications may be helpful to researchers reusing this data in new ways:. See also the underlying data. This is because in , the BJS counted the jail populations at midyear the end of June , whereas for the previous two years, it used the yearend counts, and there is a significant amount of seasonal variation in jail populations.

Jail populations are typically higher in the summer than winter. The BJS adjusted its estimates for and to account for seasonal variation and make year-to-year comparisons possible. However, there was a significant increase 7.

Incarceration of women in the United States - Wikipedia

The possibility that more probation or parole violations could explain some of the jail growth among women is particularly compelling, considering that justice-involved women are disproportionately likely to be under community supervision compared to men. Furthermore, it appears that probation failures are up overall gender-specific data are not available.

And for anyone still unsure of the harms of jail, just look at the suicide rates in U. A recent study based on the National Inmate Survey found that Even once released , women are at higher risk for homelessness and unemployment, with Black women being hit hardest. Data show that white women were about half as likely as white men to be arrested during a stop, but Black women were at least as likely as white men to be arrested.

Black women were arrested in 4. For more analysis of policing data, see our analysis in Policing Women: Race and gender disparities in police stops, searches, and use of force. Probation also varies wildly between states. The non-profit non-partisan Prison Policy Initiative was founded in to expose the broader harm of mass criminalization and spark advocacy campaigns to create a more just society. The organization is most well-known for its big-picture publication Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie that helps the public more fully engage in criminal justice reform.

The Campaign is building movements in all 50 states for reforms to usher in a new era of justice in America. Not near you? Invite us to your city, college or organization. I need your help. I co-founded the Prison Policy Initiative to put the problem of mass incarceration — and the perverse incentives that fuel it — on the national agenda. Over the last 17 years, our campaigns have protected our democracy from the prison system and protected the poorest families in this country from the predatory prison telephone industry.

Our reports untangle the statistics and recruit new allies. Thank you.

Bureau of Justice Statistics

And our other newsletters: Research Library updates? Prison gerrymandering campaign?

California's Hardest Female Prison 2016 HD

Women are disproportionately stuck in jails Avoiding pre-trial incarceration is uniquely challenging for women. Ending mass incarceration requires looking at all offenses — and all women The numbers revealed by this report enable a national conversation about policies that impact women incarcerated by different government agencies and in different types of facilities. About the data This briefing uses the most recent data available on the number of people in various types of facilities and the most significant charge or conviction. The Bureau of Justice Statistics has stopped collecting data on the conviction status of women in jails in , so we calculated the breakdown based on data published in the Jail Inmates at Midyear - Statistical Tables.

See below and Who is in jail? Deep dive for why we used our own analysis rather than the otherwise excellent Bureau of Justice Statistics analysis of the same dataset, Profiles of Jail Inmates, The Bureau of Justice Statistics was scheduled to start administering the next Survey of Inmates in Local Jails in , but is now re-scheduled to Note that the populations reported by BJS are not compatible with years reported by BJS because the agency switched reporting mid-year populations to year-end populations. Because of seasonal cycles, year-end jail populations tend to be lower than those at mid-year.

Immigration detention: The number of women in immigration detention, and what facilities they are held, in comes from the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse TRAC at Syracuse University , which aggregated individual records of people held by ICE. Federal: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Prisoners in , Table 14, reports percentage breakdown of offense types for the convicted population as of September 30, , and the total population of women reported in Table 2, for December 31, We applied the offense types to the convicted population, but data does not exist for a good estimate of offense types for pre-trial women under Federal control.

We also attributed women held by the U. State Prisons: Prisoners in , Table 2 provides the gender breakdown for the total population as of December 31st, , and Table 12 provides data as of December 31, that we used to calculate the ratio of different offense types. Military: The latest gender breakdown we could find was in Correctional Populations in the United States, , Table 8. We calculated the number of women for our military slice by imputing the percentages from to the numbers reported in Prisoners in , Table 18, which gives the number of people incarcerated in by each branch of the military, but does not provide a gender breakdown.

Territorial Prisons correctional facilities in the U. Territories of American Samoa, Guam, and the U. Virgin Islands, and U. Commonwealths of Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico : Calculated based on World Prison Brief data reporting the most recent data available for every territory but Virgin Islands, which was This methodology better reflects the realities of justice confinement for youth and brings us closer to showing the full scope of confinement for all people in the U.

The inclusion of these less restrictive forms of confinement for youth is consistent with our approach for the adult system which includes the admittedly far less numerous halfway houses and other forms of community confinement as a part of the entire adult system. Civil Commitment At least 20 states and the federal government operate facilities for the purposes of detaining people convicted of sexual crimes after their sentences are complete.

These facilities and the confinement there are technically civil, but in reality are quite like prisons. People under civil commitment are held in custody continuously from the time they start serving their sentence at a correctional facility through their confinement in the civil facility. Probation and Parole: Our counts of women incarcerated and under community supervision are calculated from Correctional Populations in the United States, , Appendix Table 3, reporting populations under correctional control by sex for December 31, , and newer counts from Correctional Populations in the United States, , which no longer has a breakdown for women.

We applied the sex ratios to the counts in Table 1 to calculate the number of women under community supervision. In order to break out community supervision between Probation and Parole, we used Probation and Parole in the United States, for the percentage of women in the Parole and Probation population. We then adjusted those numbers to ensure that people with multiple statuses were counted only once in their most restrictive category. Because gender-specific data on people with more than one correctional status was not available, we reduced the number of women on probation and on parole by the ratio 3.

For most offense types, sentences and time served got longer in the last 15 years — especially drug-related felonies that make up a growing share of prison entries Figure Over the last 15 years, entries under this requirement ranged from 2. For example, the state and local incarceration rate of means that Tennessee held people in state prisons and local jails for every , Tennesseans. Featured photo at top by Thomas Hawk. This iframe contains the logic required to handle Ajax powered Gravity Forms. X Karen Pershing Board Member. In January , she was appointed by Judge Betty Adams Green to the position of Juvenile Court Magistrate, where she served until announcing her intention to run for the position of Juvenile Court Judge in November She uses her unique combination of humor, passion, and judicial wisdom to change the way we look at justice in the United States.

She began her career as a litigator and prosecutor, served as deputy chief of staff to the governor of Indiana, and was elected attorney general of Indiana in Carter is a member of Teach for America National Board. She is a graduate of the University of Detroit A. She retired in and is married with two married children and two grandchildren. James W.


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He currently serves as a member of the board of the Nashville Symphony. Before joining the chamber, Spurgeon was vice-president, corporate relations for Jackson Energy Authority. He has also served as marketing director for the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development. He presently serves as chairman of the Tennessee Economic Partnership.

They enjoy running and traveling. Jason B. Jason joined Belmont University in after ten years of practicing law in Nashville. While in private practice, he advised and represented nonprofit corporations including numerous colleges and universities.


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Jason has earned academic degrees from Baylor University B. At the University of Pennsylvania, his research focused on the impact of religious mission on the civic engagement initiatives of urban universities in the northeastern United States. A 35 year resident of Nashville, Jason is committed to the local community and charitable activities and has served as the treasurer of The Healing Trust, president of the board of directors of The Next Door, Inc.

Edwin S.

Treatment of women in Canadian prisons a human rights travesty

He also serves on corporate boards including Consol Energy, W. Barr, and Infocare. Ed has been involved in fundraising for numerous political campaigns in Tennessee, including those of Senators Bill Frist, Fred Thompson, Bob Corker, and Lamar Alexander, and he is a former treasurer of the state Republican Party.


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Ed is active in Germantown United Methodist Church and many community endeavors. He is married with two children and 4 grandchildren. Kristen Keely-Dinger is the President and CEO of The Healing Trust, a private foundation created to provide grants and support to nonprofits that foster healing and health for vulnerable populations in Middle Tennessee.

Kristen has experience in prevention education, community organization, and volunteer administration. Brenda Gadd is the president of Rethink Public Strategies a woman-owned, public affairs firm that brings experience in delivering results in strategic advocacy development and implementation in all levels of government and focuses on engagement tactics such as coalition building, direct and grassroots lobbying, collective impact, messaging, and solutions to public policy needs.

For more than 15 years, Brenda has been influencing public policy at the highest levels of state government and politics in Tennessee, helping to shape legislative and budgetary outcomes as well as elections and advocacy campaigns. Her work has supported the goals of countless businesses and nonprofits and impacted the use of millions of dollars in tax revenue. The combined experiences of successfully managing a statewide campaign for three state Supreme Court justices in and serving as the Tennessee Bar Association public policy director, give her a comprehensive understanding of politics and policy from the campaign trail to policy making.

Brenda spends most of her free time giving back to her community and lifting up causes in which she believes. She received the Athena Young Professional award for her leadership, work and service to her community in She is a regular contributor and a consultant at the Center for Nonprofit Management on Advocacy and a national trainer for Vote Run Lead. He served as a staff attorney for the Legal Aid Society Nashville and Middle Tennessee and staff attorney and executive director of the Tennessee Alliance for Legal Services for over two decades. Clifton serves as a founding board member of The Sycamore Institute, a volunteer member of the Tennessee Bar Association government affairs committee, and a board member of Tennessee Interfaith Power and Light.

He recently completed two terms as a trustee for The Healing Trust and 10 years of service as chair of the public policy committee and board member of United Ways of Tennessee.